Joint Preservation Techniques
Simply put, Joint Preservation techniques are those used to treat damaged joints in a way that avoids or delays the need for joint replacement. Many people are understandably reluctant to undergo a joint replacement where other treatments might help. We always aim to treat damaged joints with the most modern treatments possible including biological treatments.
The joints that mother nature gave us are undoubtedly the best joints of all, until they become so damaged that they cannot function well and cause pain and loss of independence. Joint preservation techniques can sometimes be used in these situations.
A variety of techniques are used in joint preservation, and these aim to repair, replace or offload damaged structures within the knee or hip joint. Examples include meniscal repair, ligament reconstruction, cartilage regeneration, and joint offloading using a realignment osteotomy. A combination of techniques are sometimes used.
When these are not possible or have been exhausted and pain is severe then joint replacement is considered.
Joint replacement is the ultimate end-stage treatment for severely damaged or arthritic joints. Modern joint replacement is very successful and effective, but there is little debate about the fact that it is best reserved until it is absolutely necessary and then performed by surgeons who are expert at performing such procedures.